There is some talk that CIL may not be around much longer. It doesn’t seem to be very popular with the housebuilding industry who may be getting a sympathetic hearing from the current government. Has CIL been a success to date? Perhaps it’s too early to judge. Since the London Borough of Redbridge set the first CIL on 1st January 2012, approximately 70 local authorities have now implemented CIL. A large proportion of them have only done it in the last year. That’s only about a quarter of all local authorities in England. A planning consultant that I know well has told me that at recent pre-application discussions, the local authority planners were insisting that items that should have been covered by CIL should also be included in the S106 agreement. This was basically because the local authority planners had little faith that the facilities would be delivered through CIL. They may have some grounds for their pessimism. Apart from the Mayoral CIL in London, if anyone is aware of a single penny of CIL income that has been spent by a local authority to date, I’d be interested to hear about it. It may be that local authorities are not set up to execute works as s106 agreements have tended to involve the developers providing the infrastructure etc. ‘in kind’. It may also be the case that the revenue collected through CIL to date has been insufficient to fund significant investment in infrastructure. A consortium led by the University of Reading are doing some systematic research on the effectiveness of CIL for the DCLG. It will be interesting to see the evidence when they report.